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Seven key application technologies common to industrial robots

2019-11-21 09:55:32

Manipulation skills

The robot control system is the brain of the robot, and it is the primary factor that determines the functions and functions of the robot. The first task of industrial robot control skills is to control the movement position, posture and trajectory of the industrial robot in the work space, the operation sequence and the time of the action. With simple programming, software menu operations, friendly human-computer interaction interface, online operation tips and easy to use. Key skills include: an open and modular control system architecture, a modular and hierarchical control software system, robot fault diagnosis and safety protection skills, and networked robot control skills.

Manipulator structure

1. After the use of modern planning methods such as finite element analysis, modal analysis and simulation planning, the optimization planning of the robot operation organization is completed.

2. Open, modular control system. The standardization and networking of robot manipulators, and network manipulators based on PCs have become hot topics for discussion.

industrial robots

Network communication

The robot manipulators of Japan's YASKAWA and Germany's KUKA companies have completed the connection with Canbus, Profibus and some networks, making the robot a big step from the independent use of the past to the networked use. The equipment is developed towards standardized equipment.

Programming skills

Firstly, there are two types: programming input type and teaching input type. The programming input type is to transfer the programmed program files on the computer to the robot control cabinet via RS232 serial port or Ethernet and other communication methods.

The teaching input type teaching method is mainly divided into two types. The first is that the operator uses a manual controller (teaching operation box) to transmit the command signal to the driving system, so that the execution organization can perform the required action sequence and Exercise the track again. The other is to directly lead the execution organization by the operator, and perform it in accordance with the required action sequence and motion track.

Sensing skills

The effects of sensors in robots are becoming increasingly important. In addition to traditional sensors such as orientation, speed, and acceleration, assembly and welding robots also use laser sensors, vision sensors, and force sensors, and have completed active welding seam tracking and objects on the production line. The active positioning and precision assembly operations greatly improve the robot's operating functions and adaptability to the environment.

Remote control and monitoring skills

Welding or other operations in high-risk environments such as nuclear radiation, deep water, toxic, etc. require remote-controlled robots to replace people to work. The development characteristics of this modern remote control robot system are not the pursuit of a fully autonomous system, but the commitment to the human-machine interactive control of the operator and the robot, that is, the remote control plus the local autonomous system constitutes a complete monitoring remote control operation system, which makes the intelligent robots out of the laboratory and enter the practical stage.

Multi-agent regulation skills

This is a brand new area for robotics research. First of all, the multi-agent group architecture, mutual communication and negotiation mechanism, perception and learning methods, modeling and planning, and group behavior manipulation are discussed.


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